Stage 2 of the City of Ottawa’s light rail transit (LRT) project affected lands that serve as natural storage for water during floods.
To compensate for this loss, the NCC rehabilitated the Stillwater Creek wetland. The project was completed in January 2021.
About the project
To build the new LRT station, the City of Ottawa had to fill in a part of Stillwater Creek. Before construction, this area was able to hold about 10,000 m³ of flood water. The probability of needing this flood storage is slim in any given year (1 in 100), but it is not nil.
The Stillwater Creek Wetland Enhancement Project makes up for this loss by creating the same amount of new storage. The enhanced wetland also offers many benefits for nearby communities and the environment:
- Replenishing groundwater
- Mitigating drought
- Storing carbon
- Filtering toxins and pollutants before they enter the Ottawa River
- Preventing erosion
- Providing habitat for many species
We paid special attention to the protection of existing habitats during this project.
The design objectives of the project are as follows:
- Improve flood storage by creating 10,000 m3 of available flood plain storage
- Improve water quality by moving the creek away from the road
- Increase habitat complexity and biodiversity by adding wood structures and reseeding native plants
- Improve the channel location and function by realigning it from the roadside to a natural channel design within the wetland
- Improve fish and wildlife habitat by creating a wetland cell next to the new channel
- Improve recreational connectivity by raising the bike path above seasonal flooding levels
Process and Timeline
In 2018, the NCC swept the area to remove wildlife stranded inside the silt exclusion fencing. During the sweep, we looked for turtles, snakes and other terrestrial wildlife. An eagle-eyed observer found a hatchling snapping turtle hiding in the reed canary grass. We released it into a stream where it could hide from predators.
Construction started only after we gave the “all-clear.” The project was completed in January 2021.
The following species are to be reintroduced in the area.
- Fish: Northern pearl dace, fathead minnow, white sucker, brown bullhead, brassy minnow, finescale dace, northern redbelly dace, creek chub, common shiner
- Turtles: Snapping turtle, painted turtle, Blanding’s turtle
- Amphibians: Western chorus frog, leopard frog, green frog, bullfrog, wood frog, spring peeper, American toad
- Birds: Osprey, great egret, great blue heron, green heron, black-crowned heron, mallard, wood duck, red-winged blackbird, kingbird, yellowlegs, spotted sandpiper
- Insects: Dragonfly larva, damselfly larva, caddisfly, mayfly
About the site
The Stillwater Creek wetland is part of a wetland complex on the west side of Moodie Drive, in the Greenbelt. The complex includes three naturalized stormwater ponds that were recently rehabilitated using progressive wildlife-sensitive planning measures.
The Carling Campus has rich biodiversity: 21 mammal species, 130 bird species, 14 reptile and amphibian species, and close to 300 insect species.
This area provides habitat for a multitude of breeding birds and amphibians. It is known for attracting rare wildlife, including Blanding’s turtles, painted turtles and snapping turtles. Shorebirds stop over during their Arctic migration to feed on the shoreline. In summer, five species of heron patrol the water, hunting amphibians and fish. Occasionally, a group of otters will spend time searching for crayfish and other prey.
In the spring, you may hear the accelerating dropped Ping-Pong ball call of the field sparrow and the rising call of western chorus frogs, a threatened species. We once saw a snowy owl trying to blend in with the last of the melting snow.
This project was possible thanks to our partners: the City of Ottawa, Public Services and Procurement Canada, the Rideau Valley Conservation Authority, the Ottawa-Carleton Wildlife Centre, the Crystal Beach Lakeview Community Association, the Belltown Neighbourhood Association, and community members, with the support of Anita Vandenbeld, M.P. for Ottawa West-Nepean.