Role of the National Capital Commission

In recognition of the Capital’s unique role in Canada, the Parliament of Canada passed the National Capital Act in 1958. The Act established the NCC, a Crown corporation whose responsibility is “to prepare plans for and assist in the development, conservation and improvement of the National Capital Region in order that the nature and character of the seat of the Government of Canada may be in accordance with its national significance.” This mandate evolved from the NCC’s predecessor agencies, established as far back as 1899.

In order for the NCC to achieve its mission, Parliament granted the corporation several key powers, including the acquisition and disposal of lands. The Act also authorizes the NCC to undertake the following:

Under the Act, projects using federal lands or projects initiated by a federal agency or department on any land must receive the NCC’s approval before proceeding. The NCC’s review ensures that proposals on federal land are consistent with guidance provided by the Capital Planning Framework.