A diversity of Forests
As you walk along the King Mountain Trail, you will encounter a series of different forest types. The rapid changes between types of trees are due to the variations in soil, water and light. The result is landscape ranging from dark evergreen forest, to rich deciduous forest, to a windswept plain with stunted oak trees.
Most of the evergreen trees on King Mountain are eastern hemlock. The north-facing slope of King Mountain is steep and rocky with poor soil. Few plants other than moss can adapt to such growing conditions, but it is perfect for hemlock, which can live for 500 to 600 years.
The hilly landscape around King Mountain is part of the Canadian Shield, one of the oldest and hardest rock formations in the world. King Mountain is on the southern edge of the Canadian Shield, which in this area is marked by the cliffs of the Eardley Escarpment.
The First Geodetic Survey Station National Historic Site is on King Mountain at an elevation of 344 metres (1,129 feet). It was the first geodetic station, or triangulation point, established in Canada for land surveys.
Note: Dogs and pets are not permitted on the King Mountain Trail.
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